Argumentative/Persuasive Writing/Speaking


The PURPOSE of Persuasive writing or speaking is to convince the READER/Listener of your Thesis. You do this by using FACTS from reading,experience and experts. Your Proof will seldom be ABSOLUTE; therefore, you need the greater weight of evidence. The reader/listener is the jury . They weigh your evidence.

Rely on:

AVOIDING FALLACIES

To test your own arguments or the arguments of others look for flaws in reasoning. Incorrect reasoning weakens your writing. Incorrect reasoning can be caused by carelessness, prejudice or dishonesty.

FALLACIES OF REASONING

1. Hasty/ Sweeping Generalization

2. False Extremes--Either/Or Position

3. Straw Man

4. Circular Reasoning/Vicious circle

5. Post Hoc Arguments/Unfounded assumption of cause

6. Two Wrongs

7. False Analogies Analogies

8. Prediction of Consequences

9. False Assumptions

10. Faulty Evidence Misuse of authority

11. Non Sequitur (It does not follow)

12. Begging the Question

13. Ignoring the Question

14. Stereotypes

15. Argument to ignorance

16. Loaded Question/Fallacy of the complex

17.Gambler's Fallacy


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2003 Karen E.Hamilton