CONFORMITY, COMPLIANCE, AND OBEDIENCE
-NOVELISTS WRITING ABOUT THE FUTURE PAINT A PICTURE OF A TOTALITARIAN SOCIETY WHERE AUTHORITARIAN LEADERS USE TECHNOLOGY TO MAINTAIN COMPLETE CONFORMITY
eg: Brave New World-Aldus Huxley Nineteen Eighty-Four-George Orwell Fahrenheit 451-Ray Bradbury
Is there a basis for this fear?
Do people do things to fit in?
Might people perform harmful acts when commanded by authority?
CONFORMITY- pressure to go along is implied -conforming to group expectation
COMPLIANCE- a direct request is made but agreeing is optional -complying with a request
OBEDIENCE- an order is given and submission is assumed -obeying an order
eg. 1.sports event everyone rises for national anthem ( conformity) -- do you wear formal attire to wedding (conformity)
2. child selling chocolate bar -do you comply? or justify refuse
3. Professor tells you essay must be double spaced before marking- do you obey?
- necessary to social interaction-being on time -following laws -conforming to styles- look at old photos
- mob behaviour- Jonestown 900 died ( obedience)
Public Compliance- when the group is there we follow vs when alone
Private Compliance -if the group influences us to convert then we have Private Compliance, more often the result of group influence
Non conformers tend to be leaders, stronger ego, less feelings of inferiority- less need to be affiliated and less of tendency to blame self Individual and minority with cause can influence- Gandhi, Martin Luther King JR
-reciprocity- scratch backs- as sales strategy- "extras" -once committed we comply more-"foot-in-door technique" -"low-ball technique"- My manager wonÕt approve deal "Ben Franklin Technique" List pros and cons --pros always more "Warm Puppy Technique"-let them take it home
OBEDIENCE --Stanley Milgram - not so much the kind of of person but the situation that determines how person will act
-66% of subjects would continue shock to other subject even though dangerous-solely on prompt from experimenter
For more information link to Obedience Compliance to Authority
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copyright 2003Karen E.Hamilton